On July 27, 2016, the Securities and Insurance Superintendence ("SVS") issued the general rule 410 ("NCG 410"), which supplements the list of entities that qualify as "institutional investors" according to article 4(e) of the Securities Market Law N°18,045 ("LMV"). The published version of the rule was preceded by three different drafts proposed by the SVS and submitted for comment to the market (in November of 2015 and in January and February of 2016), undergoing several changes in comparison to its first draft.
The relevance of the concept of "institutional investor" is principally related to rules applicable to funds and portfolio management (Law 20.712, also referred to as "LUF"). In the event that one of the shareholders of an investment fund is an institutional investor, the LUF grants certain flexibility in relation to the requirements of organization and structure of such fund, for both publicly traded investment funds and private investment funds. For example, publicly traded investment funds may have less than 50 shareholders if at least one of them is an institutional investor. Likewise, institutional investors are the only type of investors allowed to own more than 35% of the net equity of a publicly traded investment fund.
The concept of institutional investor is also important for other purposes. Institutional investors are considered "qualified investors" and, as such, they may be a target for the public offering of securities aimed exclusively to qualified investors, as well as addressees of private offers of securities regulated by SVS general rule 336. Likewise, the information about the decisions made by institutional investors regarding the acquisition or disposition of securities (or the acceptance or refusal of specific offers of securities), will be deemed as "insider trading information" (información privilegiada).
Pursuant to LMV, the following investors are deemed institutional: banks, financial corporations, insurance companies, national reinsurers, fund managers authorized by law (for example, pension fund managers -AFP- and general asset managers) and also the entities established by the SVS by means of a general rule, provided that their main line of business is investing with the resources and on behalf of third parties and that their participation in the market is deemed relevant.
Although the SVS has addressed specific cases in...